탐인(探人) 정운현의 '역사와의 대화'

2008/03/22 - [역사와의 대화] - '김형욱 실종사건' 다시보기(2)
2008/03/20 - [역사와의 대화] - '김형욱 실종사건' 다시보기(1)
 

  -- 국정원 과거사委의 중간발표와 쏟아진 '의혹' 제기-1


참여정부 시절, 과거사 청산을 위한 각종 위원회가 활발히 활동했었고 지금도 활동중이다. 관련 위원회 가운데 친일반민족행위진상규명위원회, 친일반민족행위자재산조사위원회, 진실과화해를위한과거사정리위원회, 군(軍)의문사진상규명위원회 등은 여야 합의로 제정된 '특별법'에 의거해 만들어진 국가기관이다. 즉 이들 위원회의 장은 장관급이며, 소속원들은 모두 신분이 공무원이다.


위에서 열거한 4개 위원회와는 별도로 국정원, 경찰청, 국방부 등에서 자체적으로 구성한 과거사 진실규명을 위한 위원회들도 있었다. 이들 기관은 과거 권위주의 정권 하에서 각종 의혹사건에 직간접적으로 연루돼 왔다는 지적을 받아왔다. 인권탄압 등 과거 의혹사건에 대한 청산 여론이 사회적으로 조성되자 이들 기관에서도 안팎의 인사들로 위원회를 구성, 관련 사건에 대해 자체조사를 벌인 바 있다.

사용자 삽입 이미지

김형욱 전 중앙정보부장

그 중 하나인 ‘국정원 과거사 진실위원회’(약칭 ‘진실위’)는 지난 2005년 5월 26일 ‘김형욱 실종사건’에 대한 중간조사 결과를 발표했다. 이 사건은 ‘김대중 납치사건’과 함께 국정원(사건 당시는 중앙정보부)이 관련된 의혹사건의 상징 가운데 하나로 꼽혔다.

진실위가 이 사건을 조사하겠다고 밝혔을 때 여론은 반반이었다. 실종사건의 진실이 속 시원히 규명될 것이라는 기대가 그리 크지 않았기 때문이다. 아니나 다를까, 비록 ‘중간조사 결과’라는 단서를 달긴 했지만, 결과는 납득은커녕 오히려 의혹을 새로 키운 꼴이 돼버렸다.


1979년 10월 7일, 김형욱은 파리 시내 리도극장 근처에서 파리주재 한국대사관의 이상열 공사를 기다리고 있었다. 파리 카지노에서 돈을 잃은 김형욱은 중정 부장시절 부하로 있던 이 공사에게 돈을 꿔달라고 부탁했고, 김형욱은 그를 기다리던 중이었다. 얼마 후 관용차 푸조604를 타고 도착한 이 공사는 “돈을 빌려줄 사람을 데려왔다”며 김형욱을 옆 조수석에 태웠다. 당시 이 차에는 유럽인 2명이 뒷좌석에 타고 있었고, 이 공사의 한국인 부하라는 신현진(가명)도 타고 있었다.


차가 시내를 벗어나 외곽순환도로를 건널 무렵 뒷좌석에 탔던 유럽인이 김형욱의 머리를 둔기로 내려쳤고, 김형욱은 이내 쓰러졌다. 차가 외곽으로 완전히 벗어나 인적이 드문 곳에 도착하자 유럽인 2명은 실신한 김형욱을 끌고 숲속으로 사라졌는데, 잠시 후 일곱 번의 총소리가 들렸다. 유럽인들은 김형욱의 바바리코트, 시계, 여권, 지갑 등을 챙긴 뒤 주변의 낙엽으로 그의 시체를 처리했다. 이들은 시내로 들어와 중정 연수생 이만수(가명)로부터 10만 달러가 든 가방을 전달받았다.


이상이 국정원진실위가 밝힌 김형욱 실종사건의 요지다. (* 참고로 이 사건의 최고위 지시자는 당시 김재규 중앙정보부장이었다고 한다)


발표 당시 진실위는 국정원 존안자료, 공판기록, 군 수사기록 등은 물론 사건 당시 중정 파리주재 거점요원, 연수생 등, 심지어 전두환 전 대통령도 조사했다고 밝혔다. 그러나 진실위의 발표 내용에 대해서 신뢰보다는 의혹제기가 꼬리에 꼬리를 물었다. 이는 진실위의 조사가 충분치 못했던 탓도 있다.

우선 신현진(가명)은 사건 현장에 있었던 목격자 가운데 한 사람이었으나 사체유기 장소에 대해서는 함구하였고, 또 ‘현장책임자’랄 수 있는 이상열 공사에 대해서도 별 성과를 거두지 못했다. 이 공사는 사건 개입사실은 부인하지 않으면서도 관련내용에 대해서는 진술을 거부했다고 한다. 반론과 함께 의혹제기가 뒤따른 것은 당연한 것이었는지도 모른다.


먼저 10.26 후 김재규사건 변론을 맡았던 강신옥 변호사가 의혹을 제기하고 나섰다. 강 변호사는 한 주간지와의 인터뷰에서 “김재규 씨에게 몇 번이나 물어봤으나 항상 모른다 말했다”며 “만약 김재규가 주범이라면 그를 조사했던 전두환 당시 보안사령관측이 왜 사실을 밝혀내지 못했겠는가”라며 김재규 관련설을 부인했다. 강 변호사는 사견을 전제로 차지철 당시 경호실장이 주도했을 가능성이 크다고 덧붙였다.


이어 유족의 의혹제기가 이어졌다. 진실위의 발표가 있은 후 미국에 거주하는 김형욱의 며느리는 국내 한 언론사와의 통화에서 “시아버지는 파리에 간 지 며칠 후 스위스에 있다고 전화를 걸어왔다”면서 ‘파리 살해설’을 부인했다.


이 무렵 김형욱 며느리의 주장을 뒷받침하는 듯한 미 국무부의 비밀문서 하나가 세상에 선보였다. 이 문건에 따르면, 김형욱의 실종 시기는 (10월 7일이 아니라) 10월 9일이며, 한인 남성 1명과 파리를 떠나 스위스 취리히를 경유해 사우디아라비아 다란으로 간 것이 확실하며, 거기서 행적이 묘연해졌다는 것이다.


반론이 쏟아지자 진실위는 이러저런 해명에 나섰다. 특히 미 국무부 문서에 대해서는 ‘동아태과에서 차관보에게 올린 주례보고이긴 하나 다른 정황자료가 없다’며 신뢰를 보이지 않았다. 또 이 무렵 <시사저널>에서 보도된, 한 전직 중정요원이 본인이 직접 김형욱 살해해 파리 근교 양계장에서 처리했다는 주장에 대해서는 신현진의 진술이 구체적이고 확실해 특별히 참고하지 않았다고 밝혔다.

그런데 문제는 진실위 역시 신현진이라는 인물의 증언에만 의존했다는 점이다. 신현진은 진실위 조사 때 아무런 물증도 제시하지 않았고, 심지어 사체 유기장소조차 증언하지 않았다. 이래저래 검증이 필요한 상황이다.

(* 이어집니다)

    Posted by 정운현

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